Human Wellbeing Index (HWI)

The HWI is a more realistic measure of socioeconomic conditions than narrowly monetary indicators such as the Gross Domestic Product and covers more aspects of human wellbeing than the United Nations’ Human Development Index. It is the average of:

  • Health and population. How long people may expect to live in good health. The stability of family size.
  • Wealth. How well needs are met for income, food, safe water, and sanitation. The size and condition of the national economy, including inflation, unemployment, and the debt burden.
  • Knowledge and culture. Education (primary, secondary, and tertiary school enrollment rates) and communication (accessibility and reliability of the telephone system and use of the Internet). Lack of a suitable indicator prevented coverage of culture.
  • Community. Freedom and governance (political rights, civil liberties, press freedom, and corruption). Peacefulness (military expenditure and deaths from armed conflicts and terrorism). Violent crime rates.
  • Equity. Household equity: the difference in income share between the richest and poorest fifths of the population. Gender equity: disparities between males and females in income, education, and parliamentary decision-making.

source: Wellbeing of Nations MethodologyCross-Ref: IUCN – World Conservation Union See also XlnkS58E

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