According to researchers of the Santa Fe institute, systems become more complex through three critical process:
- Growth in co-evolutionary diversity: The system is driven both by competition and survival of the fittest and interdependence or cooperation. These interactions create new opportunities or niches that make possible new entities and increases the diversity.
- Structural deepening: Single entities within the system become more sophisticated in order to improve performance, resist competition and adapt to an increasingly complex system
- Capturing software: Systems take over simpler systems and exploit them. Examples are animal domestication by human society 10,000 years ago, agriculture or the â€œdomesticationâ€ of electricity for human purposes.
source: Complex See also XlnkS565