The black Hole Meme

When a meme catches on, it may crystallize whole schools of thought. Take the “black hole” meme, for instance. As physicist Brandon Carter has commented in Stephen Hawkings’s A Brief History of Time: A Reader’s Companion: “Things changed dramatically when John Wheeler invented the term [black hole]…Everybody adopted it, and from then on, people around the world, in Moscow, in America, in England, and elsewhere, could know they were speaking about the same thing.” Once the “black hole” meme became commonplace, it became a handy source of metaphors for everything from illiteracy to the deficit. (wired magazine 2.10),
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Memes and Paradigms

The idea of memes is disconcerting. What if culture – even consciousness itself – were nothing more than an artifact of the interaction of “selfish memes, ideas capable of replicating and co-evolving with supreme indifference to their impact on human hosts? A meme-focused vision of culture and consciousness acknowledges that memes are not mere random results of the human experience but powerful control mechanisms that impose a largely invisible deep structure on a wide range of complex phenomena – language, scientific thinking, political behavior, productive work, religion, philosophical discourse, even history itself. A collection of memes might produce the paradigms that form the basis of any science and discipline. By the same token, a series a memes might create and support an ideology. Therefore raising some questions: How are these memes created? by who? under what circonstances? Is is possible to create memes: crafting good memes to drive out the bad ones? What if it were possible to construct a new science of the meme – memetic engineering – analogous to the discipline of genetic engineering? Such a science would allow us to manipulate memes and achieve consistent and predictable cultural manifestations?
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1. Water Scarcity Water scarcity occurs when demand exceeds supply due to natural causes, population growth or widespread practices that consume excessive amounts of water. 2. Lack of Accessibility Tremendous development has already taken place to provide access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities around the world. However, more than 1.2 billion people still lack access to clean drinking water while 2.9 billion lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, 3. Water Quality Deterioration Industrialization and urbanization have produced large volumes of effluent wastewater, discharged in many cases into waterways that carry freshwater supplies into communities. The impacts of water quality deterioration on human health, devastation of natural habitat and biodiversity has resulted in the volume reduction of usable water, now evident in every corner of the globe. The projected mega-cities and rapid industrialization worldwide have only accelerated problems such as inadequate waste treatment. 4. World Peace and Security The linkages between global peace and security, environmental degradation and water problems are all too evident in many parts of the world, with particular focus in developing countries. 5. Awareness by Decision Makers and the Public Water availability is taken for granted by the public. Similarly, political leaders are largely unaware of the present dimensions of the impending water crises in many countries. Without full public participation, it is impossible to envisage or implement sustainable solutions. Raising public awareness is essential to ensuring public involvement. Such awareness can be achieved through changes in the education system, greater funds into R&D, and the enlisting of support for the civil societies. 6. Decline of Financial Resources Allocation The world witnessed a rapid growth in financial allocations to water development in the 1960s and the 1970s, which was spurred mainly by investment in the irrigation and drinking water supply. However, a steady decline in financial outlay occurred in the latter part of 1980s, and became more pronounced throughout the 1990s. 7. Fragmentation of Water Management At the global level, water management is divided among several United Nations organizations, a multitude of international professional and scientific societies and numerous non-governmental organizations. At national levels the situation is further divided among hundreds or thousands of jurisdictions, municipalities and the private sector; or worse, left unattended.
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A unit of cultural replication. The concept was introduced by Richard Dawkins in his “The Selfish Gene” 1976 in analogy with the concept of a gene, the unit of biological replication. Memes, such as tunes, fashions, traditions, moral rules or theories, are transmitted from one generation to another culturally (by social influences on the individual), in contrast to genes, which are transmitted biologically; but memes are similar to genes in being subject to processes of mutation and selection. By extension, a meme can function in a mind the same way a virus functions in the body. And an infectious idea (call it a “viral meme”) may leap from mind to mind, much as viruses leap from body to body.
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Getting There: How Ray Anderson moved Interface to the forefront of sustainable business

Interface is one of the world’s largest carpet textile manufacturers. Follow the link below to learn how Ray Anderson, Founder and CEO of Interface, shifted his company from simply complying with laws and regulations to becoming an innovative model for sustainable business. He has also written a book on this transition. Details can be found at
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Sustainable Sport Management: Running an Environmentally, Socially and Economically Responsible Organization

Book offered by Green and Gold Inc, an Ontario-based consulting company whose focus is “integrating economic, environmental and human health in sport, special events and tourism.” inefficiency = waste = costs eco-efficiency = waste aviodance = savings Follow the link below for more information on this book and other publications by Green and Gold.
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For every complex problem there is an answer that is clear, simple, and wrong. — H Mencken


If you find a good solution and become attached to it, the solution may become your next problem. — Robert Anthony